It is estimated that over 300 million people around the world live with diabetes, which has two forms: Type 1 (insulin dependent diabetes) and Type 2 (non-insulin dependent diabetes). Insulin is a hormone, to put it simply; that our bodies require taking the nutrients we consume to be taken by the cells in our body from the bloodstream. Once that happens, the cells can use that sugar as energy by storing it as "glycogen" in the liver and muscles. Apart from playing a vital role in the transferring of glucose from the blood, our bodies are dependent upon insulin for other factors as well like learning and memory.
While Type 1 diabetes is less common than its Type 2 counterpart, it is estimated that 10% of all people who battle with diabetes fall into the Type 1 category. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults, and this form of diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes. Individuals with Type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin on their own and are insulin dependent.
What happens in the bodies of type 1 diabetics is that the immune system goes after and kills the beta cells. Beta cells are in the pancreas and are responsible for producing insulin. Therefore, those with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin and have to inject it manually through syringes or an insulin pump. According to JDRF, over three million Americans battle with type 1 diabetes, and they estimate that approximately 80 children and adults are diagnosed with this form of diabetes every single day in the United States.
Insulin is a factor with Type 2 diabetics, but the difference is that their bodies do produce insulin. However, the insulin production is either insufficient or their bodies are what is called, "insulin resistant". Insulin resistance has to do with the cells not working with the insulin that the body produces. Almost one-third of Type 2 diabetics experience low blood sugar because of various oral and injectable medications. These medications can improve insulin production, increase the use of insulin, and increase the sensitivity to insulin.
Hypoglycemia is when there is when there is too little glucose in the blood stream and a blood glucose level below 70 mg. It is important to note that hypoglycemia is not a disease in and of itself. With that being said hypoglycemia is typically linked with diabetes. So, when we talk about hypoglycemia treatment, we are talking about ways by which to increase blood sugar levels to a level that is healthy.
For diabetics, hypoglycemia typically occurs as the result of taking too much insulin. When this happens, it is important to get your blood sugar levels back up because of the serious complications that can occur. While diabetes can make life more difficult for adults and children, with proper hypoglycemia or Type 1 diabetes treatment and management, you can still lead a happy and healthy life.
When it comes to managing diabetes, one of the most important areas to focus on is keeping and maintaining healthy blood sugar levels. While doing things like spreading out your meals, consuming resistant starch foods, eating foods that are high in fiber, have a low glycemic index and take longer to break down in the body.
There are many products today that help you maintain healthy, normal blood sugar levels. These products range from glucose tabs, liquids, and now to powdered glucose. Finding products that work in your daily life is what will help you succeed in managing your diabetes or hypoglycemia.